Rishi Sunak has raised “significant concerns” with about allegations of Chinese spying in Westminster with Beijing’s premier on the margins of the G20 summit.
The Prime Minister met Li Qiang for previously unscheduled talks as he prepared to leave the New Delhi gathering.
A No 10 spokesman said: “The Prime Minister met premier Li Qiang and conveyed his significant concerns about Chinese interference the UK’s parliamentary democracy .”
Downing Street said the meeting had been discussed but not confirmed until Sunday morning, after the spy allegations broke in the Sunday Times.
It came after two men were arrested under the Official Secrets Act amid allegations that a parliamentary researcher spied for China.
The researcher had links to several senior Tory MPs, including Security Minister Tom Tugendhat, who attends Cabinet meetings, and Commons Foreign Affairs Committee chairwoman Alicia Kearns, who have both been critical of China.
Th Briton was arrested along with another man by officers on March 13 on suspicion of spying for Beijing, it was revealed by the Sunday Times.
Officers from the Metropolitan Police’s Counter Terrorism Command, which oversees espionage-related offences, are investigating.
One of the men, in his 30s, was detained in Oxfordshire on March 13, while the other, in his 20s, was arrested in Edinburgh, Scotland Yard said.
Both were held on suspicion of offences under section one of the Official Secrets Act 1911, which punishes offences that are said to be “prejudicial to the safety or interests of the state”.
“Searches were also carried out at both the residential properties, as well as at a third address in east London,” a statement from the force said.
Both men were held at a south London police station until being bailed until early October.
Mr Tugendhat is said not to have had any contact with the researcher since before he became Security Minister in September last year.
Ms Kearns declined to comment, adding: “While I recognise the public interest, we all have a duty to ensure any work of the authorities is not jeopardised.”
A source close to Ms Kearns said:: “It is inevitable the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) would target and seek to undermine Parliament’s leading voices who have demonstrated the ability to constrain the CCP’s ambitions.”
The Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China pressure group said it was “appalled at reports of the infiltration of the UK Parliament by someone allegedly acting on behalf of the People’s Republic of China”.
They said that the allegations, if true, would be a “serious escalation and shows the CCP will go to any length to attack thorns in their side”.
The arrests emerged a little over a week after Foreign Secretary James Cleverly visited Beijing amid criticism from some China-hawk Tory MPs.
Mr Cleverly insisted the UK would have a “pragmatic” relationship with China to tackle major global issues such as climate change.
But former Tory leader Sir Iain Duncan Smith, one of the party’s most prominent China critics, warned of a “deepening threat” being posed by the country under President Xi Jinping.
Sir Iain said: “This story gives the lie to the Government’s attempt not to see China as a systemic threat.
“Time for us to recognise the deepening threat that the CCP under Xi now pose. What price was Cleverly’s kowtow visit to Beijing?”
A report from Parliament’s spy agency watchdog, the Intelligence and Security Committee, warned in July that Beijing is targeting the UK “prolifically and aggressively”.
Last year, MI5 issued a rare security alert, warning MPs that a suspected Chinese spy called Christine Lee had engaged in “political interference activities” on behalf of China’s ruling communist regime.
Labour MP Barry Gardiner, the former chairman of the now disbanded Chinese in Britain APPG, received more than £500,000 in donations from her before the warning.
Downing Street and the House of Commons both declined to comment, citing their policies on security matters.
Labour’s Shadow Home Secretary Yvette Cooper said: “This is an immensely serious report and shows why the UK needs a much more comprehensive response to national security threats and challenges from China and other countries.
“It comes at a time when the Government also needs to explain serious security failings over the escape of a prisoner charged with national security offences.”